Dandruff is medically known as Seborrheic dermatitis. It is usually noticed as a greasy, flaky and itchy feeling on the skin. It is usually experienced in areas where there is a lot of hair. Some persons have it on their hair, eyebrows, chest (in men) etc. It is not contagious but can be embarrassing.
In addition, dandruff is caused by fungus living on your skin called Mallassezia globosa which produces oleic acid which causes itchiness. It usually appears as small round patches on the scalp. Mild cases of dandruff would usually disappear with regular washing of hair while more stubborn cases require more attention.
It is worthy to note that, dandruff can occur in all ages and ethnic groups and are especially noticeable in teenagers going through puberty. Cradle cap is usually noticed in babies but may disappear after a few weeks.
Interestingly, there is no known cure for dandruff because in most people it comes and goes. Some believe it is caused by a fungus that lives in the skin, others say genetics play a role.
Finally, if your parents have oily or dry skin or whether they are very hairy, it is likely that as their child you would have it too. The environment where you live can factor into how bad your dandruff will be depending on if it is a humid or dry environment.
How to identify Anti-dandruff shampoo
Some specially made shampoos that can help dandruff patients are made from anti-fungal medications and they usually contain some of these ingredients.
- Zinc pyrithione
- Selenium sulfide
- Coal tar
- Salicylic acid
These ingredients help to reduce the desire to scratch the area as well as reduce inflammation.
Home Remedies For dandruff
1. LEMON: Make a mixture of lemon juice and coconut oil. Strain out the chaff from the lemon. Apply on your hair with a cotton wool and leave for 30 minutes. Rinse off with lukewarm water.
2. YOGURT: Apply yogurt on your roots and leave for about 30 minutes. Wash off with lukewarm water
3. ASPIRIN: Crush 2 aspirin tablets and mix it in your regular shampoo. Leave in hair for a few minutes and then rinse off.
4. TEA TREE OIL: A few drops of this oil in your shampoo can help keep dandruff at bay.
5. BAKING SODA: Baking soda – Make a paste with water and rub vigorously into the skin. Rinse off with water afterwards.
6. APPLE CIDER VINEGAR: Apple Cider Vinegar helps to change the pH of your scalp making it difficult for dandruff to grow. Mix equal amount of the ACV with water in your spray bottle and spritz it on your scalp. Let in sit for some minutes while your hair is wrapped up in a plastic bag or shower cap and a towel.
7. ALOE VERA: Massage your hair with Aloe Vera before shampooing to sooth the itch. You will experience a soothing effect. This is because it is an excellent conditioner which has anti bacteria and anti-fungal qualities to kill the micro-organism causing dandruff.
8. GARLIC: To escape the harsh smell of garlic, mash some pieces of garlic mixed with honey. Apply to your scalp before washing.
9. OLIVE OIL: Massage olive oil into scalp overnight and wash off later.
When treating dandruff it is helpful to treat the scalp and not the hair because the problem resides in the scalp. Let the treatment sit for some minutes before washing it off so it can destroy the fungus.
Struggling with dry hair? I have a proven strategy that works. Click here to get it.